Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics Statement and Publication Misconduct Practices

This statement elucidates the ethical conduct of all parties involved in the article publication process in the Journal by JAFA, including authors, editors, peer-reviewers, and publishers.

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

The publication of articles in the Journal by JAFA, undergoing a peer-review process, is a crucial element in the development of a coherent and respected knowledge network. It directly reflects the quality of the authors' work and their supporting institutions. Articles undergoing peer-review support and reflect scientific methods. Therefore, it is important to establish expected ethical standards for all parties involved in publication: authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and the community.

As the publisher of this Journal, Journal by JAFA takes its responsibility seriously in overseeing all publication stages and acknowledging ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial income does not influence editorial decisions. Additionally, Journal by JAFA will facilitate communication with other journals or publishers when necessary and beneficial.

Publication Decisions

The Editor-in-Chief of Journal by JAFA is responsible for deciding on the articles submitted to this journal. This decision is based on the recommendations of the editorial board members and journal peer-reviewers. This journal adheres to applicable legal requirements concerning defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor discusses with the editorial team and peer reviewers in making this decision.


Editors and peer reviewers assess manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or the political philosophy of the authors.


Editors, peer reviewers, and editorial staff must not disclose information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the authors, peer reviewers, prospective peer reviewers, the editorial team, and the publisher, as required.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by editorial board members and peer reviewers for their personal research.

Reviewer's Responsibilities

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

This journal uses a double-blind review process. Reviewers provide recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief for editorial decisions. The Editor-in-Chief communicates with the authors, as needed, and assists them in improving the quality of their research manuscripts.


Journal editors are committed to providing timely reviews to authors. If a reviewer fails to submit their report on time, the manuscript is promptly sent to another qualified reviewer.


The content of the manuscript is treated with utmost confidentiality. This journal uses a double-blind process. Except for the Editor-in-Chief, editors and reviewers cannot discuss the manuscript with others, including the authors.

Objectivity Standards

Editors and reviewers are required to assess manuscripts based on their content. Review comments should be respectful to the authors. Reviewers are required to justify their decisions and recommendations.

Source Recognition

Reviewers must identify relevant works not cited by the authors and bring substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and other published works to the attention of the editor.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or ideas obtained through peer review must remain confidential and not be used for personal gain. Reviewers must not review manuscripts involving conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the manuscript.

Author's Responsibilities

Reporting Standards

Authors must present accurate records of the work done and an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data must be accurately represented in the manuscript. A manuscript should contain sufficient details and references to allow others to replicate the work as much as possible. Dishonest or knowingly inaccurate statements are considered unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Preservation

Authors may be required to provide raw data concerning their manuscript for editorial review. They must be willing to provide this data in a reasonable timeframe.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written an entirely original work, and if they have used others' work and/or words, it must be appropriately cited or quoted. Manuscripts found with plagiarism issues will be automatically rejected, and authors will be notified.

Duplicate, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication

When a manuscript is submitted for publication, the submitting author makes a written statement that the manuscript has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration for publication in another journal. Joint submission is considered unethical and, therefore, unacceptable.

Source Acknowledgment

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others is required, and authors must cite publications that have influenced their research.

Authorship of the Manuscript

Authorship should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the reported research. The corresponding author is responsible for informing co-authors throughout the review process. If accepted, all authors are required to provide a written statement that the research work is their original research.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that pose unusual hazards, authors must clearly identify them in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose any financial or substantive conflicts of interest in their manuscripts that could be construed to influence the results or interpretations of their manuscript. All financial support sources for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in their published work, it is the author's duty to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.